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Paper | Regular issue | Vol 102, No. 5, 2021, pp.851-859
Published online, 26th March, 2021
DOI: 10.3987/COM-20-14390
Purification of High-Purity 2-Mercaptobenzothiazole by Two-Steps

Zengbing Zhao, Bo Chen, Lanxing Cheng,* Yili Zhao, Yongli Chai, and Shucheng Yang

*Henan Chemical Industry Research Institute Co., Zhengzhou, 450052, China


High-purity 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (2-MBT) is prepared from crude 2-MBT by aniline method under high pressure by solvent crystallization and deep impurity removal. For the first step of toluene purification, the semi-finished 2-MBT with excellent purity and yield can be obtained when the temperature of toluene solution reaches 100 oC and the content of toluene is about 1.5 times of that of crude 2-MBT. For the second step of deep purification, the by-products of semi-finished 2-MBT could be further removed by Na2SO3 when the mass ratio of water, the 2-MBT and Na2SO3 is 2: 1: 0.12 and the reaction condition is under 100 oC for 0.75 h. As a result, the purity and yield of 2-MBT can reach 99.9% and 97.3%, respectively. The preparation of high-purity 2-MBT would further optimize the market demand and meet the quality standard requirements for the development of other pharmaceutical intermediates or fine chemicals. This strategy solves the current problem of purification 2-MBT, and develops a new process technology route for the production of high-purity 2-MBT.