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Review | Special issue | Vol 103, No. 1, 2021, pp.94-109
Published online, 17th July, 2020
DOI: 10.3987/REV-20-SR(K)2
Environmentally Benign Synthesis of Cyclic Carbonates from Epoxides and Carbon Dioxide Using Binary and Bifunctional Catalysts

Ken Okuno, Ryuichi Nishiyori, Mana Hiraki, and Seiji Shirakawa*

*Graduate School of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Nagasaki University, 1-14 Bunkyo-machi, Nagasaki 852-8521, Japan

Abstract

The extensive utility of five-membered cyclic carbonates has been well established in the chemical industry. Among the various methods available for the synthesis of five-membered cyclic carbonates, coupling reactions that involve epoxides and carbon dioxide are ideal. This review introduces environmentally benign catalytic systems for the synthesis of cyclic carbonates under mild reaction conditions. Application of chiral catalysts to the asymmetric synthesis of optically active cyclic carbonates is also discussed.