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Paper | Regular issue | Vol 100, No. 1, 2020, pp.25-45
Published online, 21st August, 2019
DOI: 10.3987/COM-19-14096
Synthesis of 4-Aroyl-5-arylpyrazoles and 4-Aroyl-3-arylpyrazoles via the Reaction of Enaminodiketones with Substituted Hydrazines

Rika Kotouge, Takashi Nishiyama, Akira Yamauchi, Kanako Ono, Noriyuki Hatae, Tsutomu Oikawa, Satoshi Hibino, and Tominari Choshi*

*Graduate School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fukuyama University, Fukuyama, Hiroshima 729-0292, Japan

Abstract

Pyrazole is a five-membered heterocyclic compound and is one of the important heterocycles in the fields of medicine and pharmacology. Here, we demonstrate the reactivity of symmetrical enaminodiketones 814 with substituted hydrazines. When using alkylhydrazines, if the substituent size of the alkyl group is small, it is possible to selectively synthesize 1-substituted 4-aroyl-5-arylpyrazoles and their regioisomers, 1-substituted 4-aroyl-3-arylpyrazoles, by choosing the solvent (EtOH or toluene). When they react with bulky substituted hydrazines (e.g., cyclohexyl, phenyl, or pyridyl), only 1-substituted 4-aroyl-5-arylpyrazoles are selectively obtained.