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Paper | Special issue | Vol 97, No. 1, 2018, pp.192-210
Published online, 18th December, 2017
DOI: 10.3987/COM-17-S(T)2
Synthesis of Substituted t-Butyl 3-Alkyloxindole-3-carboxylates from Di-t-butyl (2-Nitrophenyl)malonates

Yu-suke Yamai, Akio Tanaka, Tatsuo Yajima, Kyoji Ishida, Itaru Natsutani, Shinichi Uesato, Yasuo Nagaoka, and Takaaki Sumiyoshi*

*Faculty of Chemistry, Materials and Bioengineering, Kansai University, 3-3-35 Yamate-cho, Suita, Osaka 564-8680, Japan

Abstract

Using a novel tandem reduction-cyclization, we synthesized t-butyl 3-alkyloxindole-3-carboxylates from the di-t-butyl 2-alkyl-2-(2-nitrophenyl)malonate. Introduction of an α-substituent to the di-t-butyl 2-(2-nitrophenyl)malonates and addition of acid promoted reactivity. This methodology was successfully applied to gram-scale-synthesis of the t-butyl 3-methyloxindole-3-carboxylate 1 and 3-hydroxymethyl-3-methyloxindole 2 without silica gel column chromatography.