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Paper | Regular issue | Vol 94, No. 5, 2017, pp.865-878
Published online, 25th April, 2017
DOI: 10.3987/COM-17-13671
Synthesis and Radical Scavenging Activity of Substituted Benzo[h]chromanols

Yuta Okayama, Masanori Harada, Mine Morita, Masataka Mochizuki, and Keiko Inami*

*Division of Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokyo University of Science, 2641 Yamazaki, Noda-shi, Chiba 278-8510, Japan


Benzo[h]chromanols, which possess a tocopherol moiety, have been reported to exhibit potent antioxidant activity. Several benzo[h]chromanols with various substituents (nitro, chloro, bromo, methyl, or amino groups at the position ortho to the phenolic OH group) were synthesized, and the second-order rate constants (k) of their reaction with the galvinoxyl radical were determined. The introduction of electron-withdrawing bromo, chloro and nitro groups decreased the activity, and the activity correlated well with the substituent effect. ortho-Aminobenzo[h]chromanol showed the highest radical scavenging activity among the compounds synthesized.