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Review | Regular issue | Vol 94, No. 5, 2017, pp.821-858
Published online, 28th April, 2017
DOI: 10.3987/REV-17-856
Heterocycle Polycations – Syntheses and Reactions of (Oligo)pyridinium and (Oligo)imidazolium Salts

Jessica Hiller, Ming Liu, and Andreas Schmidt*

*Clausthal University of Technology, Institute of Organic Chemistry, Leibnizstrasse 6, D-38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany

Abstract

The syntheses and chemical transformations of alkanes, phosphanes, alkenes, cycloalkenes, benzenes, naphthalenes, indolizines, pyridines, imidazoles, pyrimidines, pyrazines, pyridazines, purines, porphyrinazines, and porphyrins which are substituted by at least two pyridinium or imidazolium rings are reviewed up to 20-fold pyridinio-substituted systems.