Online article for Non-subscribers

Pay per view

Heterocycles has a pay-per-view service for Non-subscribers.
You will be able to directly purchase the full text article through PayPal.
Your purchased Paper can be downloaded after the payment is completed.
An e-mail will be sent the URL to download the paper.
If you have any questions, please contact:

Price: ¥ 4,400 (Yen only)
Period: This Article can be accessed for 7 days.

Paper | Special issue | Vol 90, No. 2, 2015, pp.978-988
Published online, 17th October, 2014
DOI: 10.3987/COM-14-S(K)69
Comparison of Photochemical Reactions of Aromatic Carbonyl Compounds with a Silyl Ketene Thioacetal and a Silyl Ketene Acetal

Gyeong Min Moon, Suk Hyun Lim, Dae Won Cho,* Sung Hong Kim, In Ok Lee, Ung Chan Yoon, and Patrick S. Mariano*

*Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuequerque, NM 87131, U.S.A.


Photoaddition reactions of carbonyl compounds with silyl ketene thioacetals have been explored and the results are compared to those arising from investigations of analogus reactions with silyl ketene acetals. Observations made in this study show that photoirradiation of benzaldehyde (8) and benzophenone (9) and with the dimethyl substituted silyl ketene thioacetal (13) promotes reactions that take place predominantly via Paterno-Büchi type [2+2]-cycloaddition pathways to produce oxetanes. In addition, photoreactions between acetophenone (10) and p-cyanoacetophenone (11) and 13 occur via competitive sequential single electron transfer (SET)-desilylation or [2+2]-cycloaddition modes. Lastly, photochemical reaction of the highly electron deficient carbonyl compound, p-trifluoromethylacetophenone (12), and 13 gives rise to exclusive formation of β-hydroxythioester arising via the SET pathway. In contrast, photochemical reactions of all of these aromatic carbonyl compounds with the analogous dimethyl substituted silyl ketene acetal 14 take place predominantly via a sequential SET-desilylation pathway to form β-hydroxyesters. A comparison of these results reveals that replacement of an alkoxy by alkylthio group in the ketene derivatives brings about dramatic changes in chemoselectivities of the photoreactions with aryl-substituted ketones.