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Paper | Regular issue | Vol 87, No. 1, 2013, pp.65-78
Published online, 8th November, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-12602
Synthesis of Bicyclic Dioxetanes Bearing a 4-(Benzimidazol-2-yl)-3-hydroxyphenyl Group and Their Base-Induced Chemiluminescent Decomposition in an Aprotic Medium and in an Aqueous Medium

Hiromasa Hagiwara, Nobuko Watanabe, Hisako K. Ijuin, Masashi Yamada, and Masakatsu Matsumoto*

*Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Kanagawa University, 2946 Tsuchiya, Hiratsuka 259-1293, Japan


Bicyclic dioxetane, 5-tert-butyl-4,4-dimethyl-2,6,7-trioxabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane, bearing a 4-(benzimidazol-2-yl)-3-hydroxyphenyl group at the 1-position and its N-substituted benzimidazolyl-analogs were synthesized. N-Methylbenzimidazolyl-analog and N-phenylbenzimidazolyl-analog were found to undergo charge-transfer-induced decomposition (CTID) to effectively give light in both TBAF/MeCN and in NaOH/H2O. The CTID of N-(4-carboxybutyl)benzimidazolyl-analog gave also effectively light both in MeCN and in H2O. On the other hand, chemiluminescent CTID of the unsubstituted benzimidazolyl-analog changed depending on the base used: TBAF/MeCN induced weak emission of yellow light due to a dianion of the dioxetane, while TMG(tetramethylguanidine)/MeCN induced strong emission of blue light due to a monoanion of the dioxetane.