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Short Paper | Regular issue | Vol 83, No. 1, 2011, pp.171-177
Published online, 30th November, 2010
DOI: 10.3987/COM-10-12100
A Simple and Efficient Method for Synthesis of Benzothiazepine Derivatives

Saori Itabashi, Rong Lu, and Tetsuo Miyakoshi*

*Department of Applied Chemistry, School of Science and Technology, Meiji University, 1-1-1 Higashi-mita, Tama-ku, Kawasaki-shi, 214-8571, Japan

Abstract

A series of 1,5-benzothiazepines were synthesized using disulfides and α,β-unsaturated carbonyl or nitrile compounds as reaction substrates. After reductive cleavage of the S-S bond of disulfides, the resulting thiols were reacted with α,β-unsaturated carbonyl or nitrile compounds to generated seven-membered heterocyclic compounds. In the presence of ammonium thioglycolate, the Michael reaction occurred between disulfides (1) and 4-methyl-3-penten-2-one to give 2,2,4-trymethyl-3H-1,5-benzothiazepine derivatives in good yields. When ethyl acrylate or acrylonitrile was used as the Michael acceptor, 90-99% of (2-amino-phenylsulfanyl)propionitriles (3) and/or 92-99% of (2-amino-phenylsulfanyl)propionic acid ethyl esters (4) were produced. Subsequently, the 1,5-benzothiazepine compounds 5 and 6 were obtained due to the cyclization reaction.