Online article for Non-subscribers

Pay per view

Heterocycles has a pay-per-view service for Non-subscribers.
You will be able to directly purchase the full text article through PayPal.
Your purchased Paper can be downloaded after the payment is completed.
An e-mail will be sent the URL to download the paper.
If you have any questions, please contact:

Price: ¥ 4,400 (Yen only)
Period: This Article can be accessed for 7 days.

Paper | Regular issue | Vol 51, No. 4, 1999, pp.763-783
Published online, 1st January, 1970
DOI: 10.3987/COM-98-8443
Reduction of 4H-Imidazoles — Synthesis and Reactivity of 4,5-Diaminoimidazoles Bearing a Tetraaminoethene Substructure

Jens Atzrodt, Rainer Beckert,* and Helmar Görls

*Institut für Organische Chemie und Makromolekulare Chemie, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Humboldtstrasse 10, D-07743 Jena, Germany


The 4H-imidazoles (1) caii be reduced after deprotonation to the trianion (4) by two consecutive single electron transfer reactions. Subsequent quenching by simple electrophiles constitutes a convenient route to the title substances of type (5). The unexpected regioselectivity towards bielectrophilic building blocks facilitates tile synthesis of highly substituted heterospiranes (7) and the imidazo crown ethers (8). The trianion (4) reacted with two molecules of CS2 at the exocyclic nitrogen atoms exclusively to afford after quenching the dithiocarbamates (10) and the cyclic thiuram suifides (11). The new imidazole derivatives of type (5) showed only slight electron donor properties. An electrophilic attack led with preference to a quarternization of the unsubstituted ring nitrogen atom of 5, as shown by the synthesis of compound (13). A similar behaviour was observed by treatment of 5 with acetylenedicarboxylate. in which the red 1:2 adduct (14) was formed in yields up to 76 %.