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Paper | Regular issue | Vol 38, No. 5, 1994, pp.1061-1070
Published online, 1st January, 1970
DOI: 10.3987/COM-93-6660
Preparation and Steric Structure of Condensed-Skeleton Saturated Diphenyl-substituted Isoindolones

Géza Stájer,* Angela E. Szabó, Gábor Bernáth, and Pál Sohár

*Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Albert Szent-Györgyi Medical University, H-6701 Szeged, Eötvös u.6., Hungary


The Friedel-Crafts reaction of benzene with cis-4-cyclohexene-1,2-dicarboxylic anhydride (1) yields trans-5-phenyl-cis-2-benzoylcyclohexanecarboxylic acid (2), which gave cyclohexane-condensed pyridazinone (3) with hydrazine, and cis-4,5-tetramethylene-1,2-oxazin-8-one (4) with hydroxylamine. From 2 with ethylenediamine, the saturated imidazo[2,3-a]isoindolone (5) was prepared, while the reaction of 2 with 1,3-diaminopropane furnished a mixture of two isomeric pyrimido[2,3-a]isoindolones (6a,b) differing in the relative positions of the benzene ring and cyclohexane annelation hydrogens. From the reaction of 2 with 3-aminopropanol, the oxazino[2,3-a]isoindolone (7) was obtained. The reaction of 2 with cis-2-hydroxymethylcyclohexylamine gave the tetracyclic (8), while 2 and diendo-3-hydroxymethylbicyclo[2.2.1]hept-5-enyl-2-amine yielded the isomers (9a,b), which differ in the mutual positions of the phenyl group on the quaternary carbon and cyclohexane annelation hydrogens. 1H- and 13C-nmr spectra and DNOE and 2D-HSC measurements proved that the 5-phenyl group is cis-equatorial to the two annelated hydrogens of the cyclohexane ring.