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Note | Regular issue | Vol 63, No. 4, 2004, pp.899-902
Published online, 20th February, 2004
DOI: 10.3987/COM-04-10013
(Delphinidin 3-Gentiobiosyl) (Luteorin 7-Glucosyl) Malonate from the Flowers of Eichhornia crassipes

Kenjiro Toki, Norio Saito, Shinya Tsutsumi, Chihiro Tamura, Atsushi Shigihara, and Toshio Honda*

*Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hoshi University, Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan


An additional new pigment exhibiting anthocyanin and flavone disubstituted malonate structure, was isolated from the blue-purple flowers of Eichhornia crassipes as a minor anthocyanin. This pigment was identified as (6'''-O-(delphinidin 3-O-(6''-O-(β-D-glucopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl))) (6''-O-(luteolin 7-O-( β-D-glucopyranosyl))) malonate by chemical and spectroscopic methods. The λmax of this pigment is 547 nm in 0.1% HCl-MeOH, where the negative cotton effect is also observed as similar to that of Eichhornia anthocyanin A, (delphinidin 3-gentiobiosyl) (apigenin 7-glucosyl) malonate previously isolated from the same flowers. This result supports that the new pigment also takes a folding conformation between delphinidin (chromophore) and luteorin (co-pigmnet).